Critical Analysis of Plato and Aristotle

1634 Words May 14th, 2012 7 Pages
A
TERM PAPER
ON

POL 311 (HISTORY OF POLITICAL THOUGHT)

TOPIC
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PLATO AND ARISTOTLES POLITICAL THOUGHT

WRITTEN BY
OKWOR, STEPHEN USHIE
09/ED/EF/814
DEPT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS (POLITICAL SCIENCE UNIT)
FACULTY OF EDUCATION

SUBMITTED TO
DR. EJERE
DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
UNIVERSITY OF UYO, UYO
AKWA IBOM STATE

MAY, 2012

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PLATO AND ARISTOTLES POLITICAL THOUGHT
In order to compare these great philosophers, it is important that we first of all view their history from an individual perspective.

PLATO (427 – 347BC) Greek philosopher, born into an aristocratic Athenian family in the year 427BC, he was expected to take up a political
…show more content…
Association of master and natural slave for the purpose of mutual preservation. To him, this association is the basis from which the family is formed, families then group to form villages and villages, in turn, group to form city-states. Aristotle viewed the basic elements of government as thus: 1. Deliberative (legislature) 2. Executive offices (executive) 3. Courts of law (judiciary) He also classified government into three 1. Monarchical Government - this is a government by one person or monarch. However, it degenerates into tyranny which is a bad type of government. 2. Aristocratic Government – the rule by few elites. Its success is depended on the people that rule. It however degenerates into oligarchy which is when men of property take over government. 3. Democratic Government – this is the government for the poor and needy and not a government for common good. This to Aristotle is the best form of government but it can degenerate into demagogue and anarchy ANALYSIS ON THEIR VIEWS OF THE STATE: Plato attempts to create the blueprint for a perfect society. This blueprint was a sketch of a society in which the problems present in society would be eased. He sought to cure the afflictions of both society and human personality. Aristotle, unlike Plato is not concerned with perfecting society. He just wants to improve on the existing one. Rather than produce a blueprint for the perfect society, he suggested that the
Open Document