Essay on Critical Appraisal

1662 Words Nov 28th, 2010 7 Pages

Critical Appraisal


Gemekia C. Parker

A Paper

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for

NU 608 EBP & Quality Improvement in Health Care Systems University of South

Alabama College of Nursing

Fall 2010

Appraisal 2


Critical appraisal is the process of systematically examining research evidence to

assess its validity, results, and relevance. (Hill, 2001) Critical appraisal of research is preformed by clinicians prior to using it to make healthcare decisions. The critical appraisal process systematically finds, appraises, and acts on evidence based research after thorough review. The use of
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Thomas, Wagner & Mosely, 2008) Additional research and support are needed to

understand management options for obesity to improve health outcomes. This research

support current practice measures by supporting use of diet, and exercise in a

multidisciplinary approach.

The level of evidence exemplifies evidence suggestive of a level IIa. According

to the National Health and Social Research and Development Centre for Evidence-Based
Medicine, to qualify for level IIa evidence data must come from at least one well-

designed controlled study without randomization. It also must have good evidence to

support the recommendation that the condition or maneuver be specifically considered in

a periodic health examination.

Critical Appraisal

The article titled “Fatigue and Charting Errors: The Benefit of a Reduced Call Schedule.” present clear and focused qualitative research data. The focus of the research was to evaluate errors in nursing documentation caused by nursing fatigue. Fatigue can be caused by time on task, work load, circadian rhythm alterations, sleep debt, shift work

Appraisal 5 or illness.(Warren, 2008) Warren reports as little as one hour of sleep loss daily, can accumulate and result in decreases in attention span, reaction time, and problem solving ability. The suspected outcomes of this review would determine whether a significant relationship existed between fatigue, as a result of work hours, and
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