Critical Appraisal of Qualitative Research Study

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Critical Appraisal of Qualitative Research Study Problem Statement The problem addressed in this study is reported in the work of Carusone, Loeb, and Lohfield (2006) entitled "Pneumonia Care and the Nursing Home: A Qualitative Descriptive Study of Resident and Family Member Perspectives". The problem addressed in this study is the fact that nursing home residents are sent to the hospital quite frequently for diagnostic testing and to receive health care services. These transfers are reported as being expensive and to be associated, for some individuals, with an increase in health risks. It is reported however, that since improvements in technology have occurred that long-term care facilities are able to deliver "more complex health care on site." (Carusone, Loeb, and Lohfeld, 2006, p.1) Carusone, Loeb and Lohfeld report that pneumonia and other such lower respiratory tract infections (LRIs) are a primary cause of morbidity and mortality among nursing residents and as well a primary reason for hospitalization of nursing home residents. Carusone, Loeb, and Lohfeld, cite a study conducted in Canada which reports that "nearly one-third of all LTCF residents with pneumonia were hospitalized." (2006, p.1) It is reported to be argued by some researchers that health care provision "cannot be decontextualized from the environment in which it is provided. As such the locus of health care is an important issue." (Carusone, Loeb, and Lohfeld, 2006, p.1) Finally, in establishing

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