Essay on Critical Issue on Psychological Debriefing

1392 Words Apr 21st, 2011 6 Pages
Critical Issue on Psychological Debriefing
Two facts presented by Mitchell of the critical issue (Mitchell, 1983).
• The CISD protocol that Mitchell described was a group process of seven distinct phases. Prior to this Mitchell used a six-stage model (Mitchell, 1983).
• The Society working party on psychological debriefing was given the aim of evaluating the available information and opinions and producing a clear statement on the status of psychological debriefing (Mitchell, 1983)
Two facts presented by Devilly and Cotton on Critical issue Cotton and Devilly, (2003):
• Psychological debriefing is a technique employed by social workers, clinicians, etc in which victims are encouraged to relive traumatic experiences and are warned of
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It was said from the studies they all failed because they did not demonstrate a clear benefit of debriefing (McNally et al., 2003), with intervention groups and control groups reporting equivalent posttraumatic symptoms.
Psychological debriefing responded to these results by claiming there is only one component of a comprehensive approach to crisis management and it is meaningless to evaluate the effectiveness of this one component as a singular intervention strategy (McNally et al., 2003). The heart of this debate is the issue of whether psychological debriefing might be a waste of resources (Brewin, 2001; McNally, 2004). Mitchell has been shown to be credible because of the seven steps he believes to be workable. In 1983, he introduced Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD). The model he developed was designed to prevent and manage the horror resulting from traumatic stress, and reduce the casualties among emergency service personnel. Mitchell model poses the below seven unique phases, which are integrated with stress education and information throughout the process.
• Introductory phase (rules and process explained).
• Fact phase (what they saw, heard, smelled, touched and did).
• Thought phase (first thoughts).
• Feeling phase (emotional reaction).
• Assessment phase (physical or psychological symptoms).
• Education phase (stress response syndrome).
• Re-entry phase (referral information), (Kenardy et al., 1996, pg 38)
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