Critical Pedagogy ( Cp )

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Critical pedagogy (CP) is after fostering a critical and analytical lens which may suggest diverse possibilities of appreciating the active relationship between teachers-learners and teaching-learning processes. Without thinking critically and working critically, the monotonous process of systems may keep going. Human beings are not robots or machines to be given some instructions by a designer in advance to run for a while in a routine and repetitive manner. They are ashamed of staying still and stagnant because they may feel rotten. Everything in the world is considered as a process, as all human beings go through a process to see reality from diverse sources, a process that is continuous, changing, and unstable. They are not a…show more content…
Freire gave a new standpoint on education and changed the perspectives of stakeholders. He raised the issue of empowerment, social change and transformation, dialogic teaching, praxis, humanization, problem-posing education, democratic and liberating education as the cornerstones of critical pedagogy (Freire, 1970; Robert & Freire, 2008; Shore & Freire, 1987). In addition, he rooted up the concept of banking model in which it deemed students as empty agents to be filled by the knowledge of their teachers. The following attitudes and practices are the buzz words of banking education:
(a) The teacher teaches and the students are taught;
(b) The teacher knows everything and the students know nothing;
(c) The teacher thinks and the students are thought about;
(d) The teacher talks and the students listen-meekly;
(e) The teacher disciplines and the students are disciplined;
(f) The teacher chooses and enforces his choice, and the students comply;
(g) The teacher acts and the students have the illusion of acting through the action of the teacher;
(h) The teacher chooses the program content, and the students (who were not consulted) adapt to it;
(i) The teacher confuses the authority of knowledge with his own professional authority, which he sets in opposition to the freedom of the students;
(j) The teacher is the subject of the learning process, while the pupils are mere objects (Freire, 1970, p. 73). The pillars of critical pedagogy are to increase
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