Critical Reflection on the Hidden Influence of the British Monarchy on Politics

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Introduction
When someone becomes a member of the Parliament, he has to swear an oath of allegiance to the Crown, instead of swearing loyalty to the people who elected him. If he rejects to do so, that politician will not be able to take his seat and can also be fined. Same happens with judges and other public servants in the United Kingdom, who are, even if symbolically, servants of the Crown. This, however, is just a small visible end of the real power that the British –constitutional- monarchy holds over public employees.
Since the limitation of powers of the Crown in the XVII century the royals have been using their forceful influence in an unofficial way for their own benefit (Adams, 2010; Booth 2010 and 2011; Wilson, 1989). Taking
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Until the XVII century British monarchs had absolute power, which meant they had the right to do anything he wanted as they had been appointed by God. However, after a century of bloody civil wars, unrest and political tensions -including the execution of Charles I, the Revolution of 1688, the rise and fall of a Republic and the restoration of the monarchy- the Parliament passed the Bill of Rights in 1689 (Stoyle, 2011). This document established the first foundations of constitutional monarchy, that is, a monarchy whose powers are bound by some written and unwritten legal documents in favour of a more democratic society and ensuring their political impartiality (Wilkinson, 2006). Thanks to the Bill of Rights the Parliament were able to legislate, rule and elect members of the Parliament without the Royal interference needed until that moment.
Since then, the British political system has developed giving more power to the Parliament to the detriment of the Crown. The Royal powers have been limited to “the summoning, proroguing and dissolution of parliament; the granting of royal assent to bills; (…) the making of treaties, the declaration of war and the making of peace” as well as to appoint ministers, judges and other public servants among other rights. The Sovereign also has the privilege of personal immunity. (Maer and Gay, 2009, p.4).
All these powers, though merely “symbolic” have a huge potential power. Certainly, the Queen has never either dissolved

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