Lean management looks for different ways to eliminate factors that waste time, effort or money. This is achieved by analyzing a business process and then revising it or cropping out any steps that do not create value for consumers. Lean Management philosophy is based on the idea that organizations should set their strategies according to what the consumers really value, systematically eliminating waste both within the firm and along the process of supply chain. Many companies when implementing the Lean Management ideology complains that traditional Management Accounting Systems are unable to support their projects. At best, they are perceived as bureaucratic tasks, and at worst, they are considered a key constraint to both the acceptance and success of lean projects implemented in their organizations. The failure of these traditional Management Accounting tools and techniques has led to management consultancies in coming up with and developing a few range of Lean Accounting
Supply chain management is the management of a network of interconnected businesses involved in the ultimate provision of product and service packages required by end customers [Harland 1996]. Hence, supply chain management covers all the necessary movement and storage of raw materials, work-in-process inventory, and finished goods from the point of origin to the point of consumption.
In today’s competitive business world, the best companies have discovered a powerful new source which encompasses on all the integrated activities that bring the product to the market and create satisfied customers and is called “Supply-Chain Management”.
The lean supply chain helps to imrprove efforts focusing waste, improve manufacturing schedule and economically produce small quantities. It is also flexible to react to changes in the market. Hence, BMW has this facility of allowing a customer to change its order within a week of placing and still maintain the original delivery time and high quality. Similarly, agile supply chain helps in carrying a generic inventory. The best part is that it helps in reducing risk of keeping too much stock as well as being out of stock. Mass-customization can be easily pursued through an agile supply chain which offers variety at a lower total
Under the lean production approaches, a number of factors are essential to the process for
“Lean means creating more value for customers with less” (Krejewski, L., Ritzman, L.P., & Malhotra, M.K., 2013). Implementing this into a project can make the project very successful at a lower rate of cost and time. There are five steps in allowing the lean process to work successfully. This process is easy to remember but not always easy to achieve. Specifying the value from the customer’s point of view of the product that the customer is interested in purchasing is the first step. Identifying all the steps of value for the product the customer wants to purchase and eliminating the steps that are unnecessary is the second step. Creating a sequence of steps that flow in a consistent fashion and will flow smoothly toward the customer is the third step. Introducing the flow of the product that the customer is interested in purchasing and allowing the customer to pull value from the product is the fourth step. The fifth and final step in the lean technique process is “as value is specified, value streams are identified, wasted steps are removed, and flow and pull are introduced, begin the process again and continue it until a state of perfection is reached in which perfect value is created with no waste” (Lean Enterprises Institute, 2015).
Supply chain management plays a very crucial role in the success of any organization and how it can cater to a customer’s need and provide the maximum satisfaction. Supply chain management is essentially managing the flow of goods/services of an organization. It involves raw materials storage, transportation, inventory management, distribution and procurement.
SCM is therefore the discipline that aims to understand the firms’ practices and strategies in managing the supply chain. As I said before, many academics tried to build a framework for the understanding of it, but being SCM a relatively new subject all of them present strengths and weaknesses and it is extremely difficult to say which of the framework is more reliable.
Mellat-Parast and Spillan (2014) defines supply chain management as the method of handling material and information moves from the beginning, through the organization, and to the end-user. This is a very important factor of organizational strategy.
In a finished product, out of most of the industries only one particular company, provide a very little amount of the total value. Hence to improve the process within the company lean techniques are used so that the total impact will not be high when it is applied to a broader supply chain.
Lean is defines the manufacturing philosophy that reduces the time between the shipping and customer demand, which based on the systematic method by eliminating waste, that means giving the customer what they want when they want it, and don 't waste whatever. Rahmana, Sharif and Esa (2013) suggested lean production is mentioned to improve the company 's performance from the philosophy in reducing waste in order. That means, lean system destination is the decrease cost by removing the non-value activities, which they are applying a category of tools and techniques for checking and eliminating defective in the production process. In the Evenort Company should emulate the five overriding principles of lean thinking in terms of implementing lean that there is guarantee the company has been driving correctly in the lean manufacturing (Cardiff 2015) as can show in table 1.
This article is about supply chain management (SCM). Its importance in the field of operation management. Supply chain management was discussed from the past three decades. This article tells about how supply chain management developed and how it will proceed in the future. The term “supply chain management” first appeared in the practitioner literature in 1982, which said that SCM is a way to manage resources and assets in a better way.
The supply chain management is the active management of supply chain activities to maximize customer value and achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. It
Supply-chain management consists of developing a strategy to organize, control, and motivate the resources involved in the flow of services and materials within the supply chain. A supply chain strategy, an essential aspect of supply chain management, seeks to design a firm’s supply chain to meet the competitive priorities of the firm’s operations strategy.
Supply chain management is a main process in all kinds of companies. That’s because an optimized supply chain results in lower costs and a faster production cycle.