Critical Review On Impact Of Municipal Solid Waste On Groundwater Quality

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CRITICAL REVIEW ON IMPACT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE ON GROUNDWATER QUALITY Sheriff B. Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering University of Wolverhampton United Kingdom Abstract This paper critically reviewed an existing literature on impact of municipal solid waste on groundwater quality in order to identify the extent of physio-chemical and biological parameters compared to World Health standard guideline for drinking water quality. To address the aim more than ten (10) academic articles were reviewed. An existing research showed that, in most of the developing countries, municipal solid waste is generated in very large volume and dumped in an open landfills without appropriate thought of safety measures and…show more content…
According to (United State Environmental Protection Agency, USEPA, 2000).solid waste incorporates any garbage, refuse, sludge and items that have lost its original value, thus discarded or preparing to dispose. One of the results of the worldwide urbanization is increasing volumes of solid waste era. As indicated by assessments around 1.3 billion metric tons of municipal solid waste was generated universally in 1990 (Beede and Bloom, 1995). 1.2 Methods of Determining Groundwater Contamination Non-intrusive geophysical procedures give extremely helpful data for the evaluation of waste disposal sites. Estimations of little changes in gravity over a given territory can be utilized to recognize thickness varieties within the fill, the horizontal and vertical extent of fill, and layering within the fill (Roberts et al., 1990a). By consolidating gravity and magnetic methods, an interpretation may be made on the extent of the landfill material and related iron content (Hinze et al., 1990; Roberts et al., 1990b). According to (Monier-Williams et al., 1990) geophysical landscape conductivity mapping has been effectively utilized in Brazil to find water tables and earth stratum in the proximity of landfills. Time-domain electromagnetic sounding is a demonstrated apparatus in identifying environmental groundwater problems related to
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