Critical Thinking And Clinical Reasoning

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Critical Thinking and Clinical Reasoning Critical thinking and clinical reasoning are terms often used interchangeably throughout the history of nursing. However, they are not the same, and distinguishing the difference amongst them is important. The purpose of this paper is to define critical thinking and clinical reasoning, discuss each concepts similarities and differences, as well as share this author’s perspective on how critical thinking and clinical reasoning have developed and evolved throughout my own career, guiding my clinical practice decisions. Critical Thinking Critical thinking is defined by Victor-Chmil as “the cognitive processes used for analyzing knowledge” (2013, para.1). Critical thinking is knowledge based and…show more content…
Clinical reasoning is concerned with relationships and has concern for those they are caring for (Benner et al., 2008). It is a term used synonymously with decision making and clinical judgement (Simmons, 2010). Compare and Contrast Compare Critical thinking and clinical reasoning are similar in the fact that each term represents a set of methods that guide the nurse to reliable evidence-based practice while delivering care. Critical thinking and clinical reasoning are centered on knowledge base that is associated with the discipline of nursing. With each concept, the nurse must have an existing developed knowledge base in which to apply each concept to. Nurses apply critical thinking and clinical reasoning skills when patient care decisions are made. With both critical thinking and clinical reasoning, information about the patient is collected and examined. They work together to produce clinical judgment. They both direct nursing care to meet patients’ needs resulting in higher quality of care and better patient outcomes. Contrast While critical thinking and clinical reasoning are similar in many ways, they are not the same thing. Critical thinking includes reasoning inside and outside of the clinical setting. Critical thinking involves cognitive processing, challenging assumptions, and thinking beyond a specific knowledge base. Clinical reasoning consists of reasoning about patient care issues. The nursing process is applied to determine the patient’s problem,
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