Critical Thinking

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Critical Thinking Article Review Over the last thirty years, the health care system has incurred dramatic changes, resulting in new advances in technology and medical theories. Greater demand for quality care by consumers, more knowledgeable patients, remarkable disease processes, shorter hospitalizations, and the continuing pressure to lower health care costs are all contributing factors in the necessary changes to the nursing practice. In order for nurses to deliver optimum care, they must develop a higher quality of thinking capability. We will review the information given in this research paper to discuss the impact of critical thinking in the nursing profession, as well as the various strategies / techniques used in assisting…show more content…
Simpson and Courtney (2002) state "an important step in problem solving and decision-making is the need to utilize critical-thinking abilities to reframe a problem or situation." Critical thinking involves questioning all the features of a situation and analyzing solutions. The meaning of clinical decision-making is a systematic process of assessment of a range of actions, evaluation and decision-making that will be a factor of a desired outcome (Simpson & Courtney, 2002). Simpson and Courtney (2002) state "incorporating critical thinking skills during the clinical decision-making process will provide clarification, a range of potential solutions appropriate to the circumstances or setting and reasoning to support the clinical decision made." Creative thinking is described as being intuitive, being creative and visual; and discovering new ideas. Creative thinking asks questions such as why? What if? What else? In creative thinking, a person can envision potential ideas and alternatives as an approach to problem solving. According to Simpson and Courtney (2002), creative thinking is of its greatest value when known solutions have failed and change has not occurred. Students need to take an active role in learning how to evaluate the information given, developing analysis skills, communication, and utilizing information in new ways. Students need to do more that memorize facts. They need to process the information so that it can be
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