Critical Thinking - Fallacies

1249 WordsOct 20, 20055 Pages
The significance of fallacies in critical thinking is important to understand so that clear and concise arguments can be made on a logical, factual level instead of one that is proliferated with emotions and illogical reasoning. The basis of these fallacies are dependent on critical thinking according to discussions in which the parties may not agree on a situation or one element is attempting to convince another of making a decision. The point of this type of disagreement is to give reasons in support of some conclusion. An argument commits a fallacy when the reasons offered do not logically support the conclusion. In many cases these fallacies are disguised in such a way that a normally rationale person is convinced to side with an…show more content…
Three years before he can legally purchase alcohol in his state" LeBron is one of the major marketing strategies of Nike in an attempt to keep the attraction of youth (http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/10/27/1067233100661.html?from=storyrhs&oneclick=true). When a person falls prey to this fallacy, they are accepting any claim LeBron makes as true without there being adequate evidence to do so. More specifically, the person is accepting the claim because they erroneously believe that the person making the claim is a legitimate expert and hence that the claim is reasonable to accept. The Appeal to Emotion fallacy is committed when someone manipulates peoples' emotions in order to get them to accept a claim as being true. More formally, this sort of "reasoning" involves the substitution of various means of producing strong emotions in place of evidence for a claim. This sort of "reasoning" is very common in politics and it serves as the basis for a large portion of modern advertising. Most political speeches are aimed at generating feelings in people so that these feelings will get them to vote or act a certain way. In the case of advertising, the commercials are aimed at evoking emotions that will influence people to buy certain products. Ironically, such speeches and commercials are notoriously free of real evidence. We have all seen Sally Struthers in a feed the children camping. Displaying pictures of
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