Critical Thinking

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This paper explores critical thinking skills and teaching them in an educational setting. Teaching critical thinking is highly debatable. Many feel as though it is not a necessary skill that needs to be learned and others feel as though it is not a skill that can be taught. In this paper I will discuss what critical thinking is and ways it can be taught in an educational setting.

Teaching Critical Thinking Skills in Schools For many years critical thinking has been an important issue in education. Following the 1948 Convention of the American Psychological Association, Benjamin Bloom, an American educational psychologist, took control over the development of the goals of the educational process. The
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Give the students a ruler, a roll of a tape and a candy bar. Ask them which one does not belong. One student might select the candy bar because it can be eaten, another student might choose the roll of tape because it is round not long and rectangular like the other 2. The thing about categorizing exercises is there is no right or wrong answer. As a teacher you would accept all answers but pay attention to the child’s thinking and why they selected that object over others, that is what is important. Generally, when you think of studies that would use critical thinking, you think mostly about reading and writing assignments. These are subjects that do require a lot of thinking but teachers should teach students to think critically across the curriculum. In science, students can use critical thinking skills when they plan and construct a habitat for an animal. In math class they can take a food object and figure out how to divide it equally amongst their fellow classmates. In social students, have students chart a map of their neighborhood. These are just a few ideas, I am sure with some planning more could be thought of to include critical thinking in all areas of the curriculum. According to Sherry Posnick-Goodwin, “Socratic seminars are a great example of ways to foster critical thinking” (Goodwin,

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