Critical Tiger Habitat or Critical Wildlife Habitat

1532 WordsJul 13, 20187 Pages
Tourism is another crucial aspect that comes into play when an area is declared to be a Critical Tiger Habitat (CTH) or Critical Wildlife Habitat (CWH). Tourism first came up as a topic of discussion when Mr. Ajay Dubey filed a PIL in the Supreme Court demanding for a blanket ban on all tourism activities in the core areas of the forests as continued tourist activities would contravene with the objectives of the Wildlife Protection Act. Supreme Court then passed an order imposing a temporary ban on tourist activities in the core areas of forests. Tourism was then allowed only in the buffer areas. For example, in certain tiger reserves such as Kaziranga Wildlife Reserve, tourism was not allowed in 95% of the core area. Various arguments…show more content…
In 2000, the relocation process finally commenced with fewer conflicts, due to the support of better governance and cooperation between the forest departments, local non-governmental organisations (NGO’s) and the villagers . This resulted in a better relocation package. Thus, the relocation process in Bhadra is said to be an example of good governance. There are still five villages in the tiger reserve .Management includes tasks such as statutory compliances, effective utilisation of funds, suitability of action plans with the reserve concerned, etc . Issues including maintenance of core- buffer strategy, effective incorporation and rehabilitation of local dwellers and Scheduled Tribes and participation by stakeholders play an important role in evaluating the management of tiger reserves . Adaptive management which is necessary as different tiger reserves come under different biodiversities has not come into play , leading to irregular functioning of the authorities. It is noteworthy to mention here the case of Rajaji National Park to highlight the role played by the Forest Department officials- Rajaji National Park, Uttarakhand: Declared in 1983 . At the same time, 1,390 Van Gujjars families were proposed to be displaced outside the park in Pathri and Gaindikhata near Haridwar ; this was forcible and encountered substantial opposition . According to Kaushal, these families were threatened into moving into the resettlement colony. Moreover, as reported by

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