Critical analysis of The United Nations Organization Essay

1247 Words Oct 1st, 2013 5 Pages
The United Nations Organization (UNO) officially came into existence in October 1945 after the Second World War. It was formed to replace the League of Nations, which had proved incapable of restraining aggressive dictators like Hitler and Mussolini. In setting up the UNO, the great powers tried to eliminate some of the weaknesses, which had handicapped the league. The UN charter was drawn up in San Francisco in 1945, and was based on proposals made at an earlier meeting between the USSR USA China and Britain held at Dumbarton Oaks (USA) in 1944
The aims of the UN are to
• Preserve peace and eliminate war
• Remove cause of conflict by encouraging economic social educational scientific and cultural progress throughout the world
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This left the UN open to accusations of indecision and lack of firmness. It caused some states to put more faith in their own regional organization such as NATO for keeping peace, and many agreements were worked out without involvement of the UN; for example , the end of the Vietnam war, the Camp David peace between Israel and Egypt in 1979 and the settlement of Rhodesia/Zimbabwe problem in the same year. All this time, critics were claiming that the UN was becoming irrelevant and was no more than an arena for propaganda speeches. Part of the problem was that the Security Council was hampered by the veto which its permanent members could use. Although the “Uniting Force Resolution” could offset this to some extent, the veto still could cause long delays before decisive action was taken. Anthony Parsons, for many years the UK Permanent Representative at the UN, gives two recent examples, of which early action might have prevented the war
“If a potential aggressor knew that his forces would be met by the UN armed force, equipped and mandated to fight, this would be a powerful disincentive….Such a force, if deployed on Kuwait side of the Iraqi/Kuwait frontier in 1990, or on the Croatian side of the Serbia /Croatia border in 1991, might well have prevented hostilities for breaking out”
The increased membership of the UN during the 1970’s
By 1970 members from the Third World were in clear majority. As these nations began to work more and more
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