Critically Assess Literature Surrounding Vehicle Speed Reduction Techniques And Shared Spaces

896 WordsOct 3, 20154 Pages
3.1 Introduction This chapter critically assess literature surrounding vehicle speed reduction techniques and shared spaces. Developing a clear understanding of background literature provides a strong theoretical foundation, or perspective to conduct an effective investigation with regard to how vehicle speed and presence are crucial aspects as to whether a shared space is successful or not. Therefore, this chapter will begin with an overview of the history and development of shared spaces followed by vehicle speed in shared space, risk homeostasis theory, speed reduction techniques, horizontal traffic deflections techniques, and entrances and surfaces. 3.2 The History & Development of Shared Spaces Ben Hamilton-Baille, an architect in the United Kingdom coined the term shared space however, the original design and concept is accredited to Hans Monderman, a Dutch traffic engineer who invented the term “Woonerf” in Nertherlands, 1970 (Ben-Joseph, 1995). However, there are many examples today of shared spaces throughout Australasia, Europe, the UK and the United States. Historic evidence states that streets has been a place of interaction, movement and activity. When cars were firstly introduced the road corridors were still a place to walk, move, and play. However, in the mid twenty century motor vehicles become more popular, where two concepts came to dominate road design: • The most key role of a road is to accommodate efficient movement and fast journey for vehicles.

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