Critically Discuss the Contribution of the Work of Frederick W. Taylor to Management Thought and Practice. Pay Particular Attention to How His Ideas Were Shaped by the Cultural Context of His Time, and to the Competing Interpretations of His Legacy.

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Critically discuss the contribution of the work of Frederick W. Taylor to management thought and practice. Pay particular attention to how his ideas were shaped by the cultural context of his time, and to the competing interpretations of his legacy.

Frederick W. Taylor has played a major role in the evolution of management thought and practice through the critical period of the turn of the century in industrialized America. So significant was his contribution to the systemization of management thought and practice that Geoffrey Colvin and fellow historians describeTaylor as “ the most influential business guru of the twentieth century”(Wren&Bedian,2011:154). Taylor’s fundamental concepts steamed from his determination to create a more
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Taylor’s ideas on efficient task management systems were very much aligned to address the challenges of the cultural diversity of the time.
Taylor’s second major contribution to management thought and practice was in the area of scientific management. Scientific management also known as Taylorism, was a theory based on four principles: “a science of each element of work, scientific selection and training of workers, division of labor between workers and management and co-operation between managers and workers”(Grey, 2011: 37).
Taylorism went beyond simple time studies and standardized procedures, he brought new management techniques, giving people greater control of human and physical resources as this time demanded. As technology advanced and the scale and scope of production increased, so did the fear of a disorganized and undisciplined workforce. Scientific management provided methods to bring about the organization and disipline that was required. (Bendix, 1974:25-27)
With increased scale and complexity the workplace was much more dangerous, accidents were commonplace. Taylor’s scientific approach in bringing standards and demanding consistent application of process provided for a much safer work environment.
Taylor hoped, perhaps over optimistically, that scientific management would lead to a more harmonized work place founded on

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