Critically Discuss the Key Ideas of Both the Systems Rationalism Era and the Organisational Culture Era. Examine How These Ideas Were Shaped by Earlier Strands of Management and Reflect on Their Enduring Impact on Contemporary Management Ideas.

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Essay Title:

Critically discuss the key ideas of both the Systems Rationalism Era and the Organisational Culture Era. Examine how these ideas were shaped by earlier strands of management and reflect on their enduring impact on Contemporary Management ideas.

Essay Plan/Outline

* Introduction – Basic outline of emergence of Systems Rationalism and Organisational Culture Eras. Outline of years covered by particular eras.

* Outline the key ideas of the Systems Rationalism Era.

* Link the key ideas of the Systems Rationalism Era back to influences from earlier strands of management thought such as the Scientific Era and the Human Relations.

* Comment on enduring impacts on
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It is clear that this technique had been influenced by earlier strands of management thought such as the Hawthorne Studies and Frederick Winslow Taylor’s idea of time trials.

Another key idea of the Systems Rationalism Era was the elimination of judgement. It was decided that when managers had to make a judgement there was a large amount of doubt in their mind. It was thought that if systems of rational choice were in place, doubt could be reduced and that general decision making could be improved. It was thought that a strict set of logical guidelines would inevitably lead to better performance. Judgement elimination was centred on the idea that society and democracy could be strengthened through the intelligent application of rational analysis to social problems (Witzel 2012). The belief was that in order for judgement to be eliminated, managers needed to be taught the expected practical actions and principles for various management situations. It was decided that they would need to be taught through specialist training in order to act correctly. This did not promote a system of natural decision making. It consisted of a set of learned responses to situations that were thought to overcome certain difficulties.

This was noticeably similar to the systems orientated approach seen in the Industrial Relations Era. This approach had also had a focus on rational systems

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