Critically Evaluate Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs in Relation to Employee Motivation in Contemporary Chinese Business

953 WordsFeb 24, 20184 Pages
As China has a fast developing economy with an increasing work force, it is necessary to improve employees’ motivation in order to maximize the productivity. According to the research from Brockmann (2009), the current challenge China facing is that the happiness of people is falling rapidly although the economy is growing fast. Thus, under this situation, it is urgent to figure out employees’ incentive and know what they need is the primary work to do to encourage them work harder. Maslow has a clear classification of normal human’s needs which consisted by physiological, safety, belonging, esteem and self-actualization. Also Maslow (1986) stated that as long as the lower-level needs are met, people would modify to satisfy the higher-level needs and this is what brings motivation out. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is classic, however, it seems that this theory cannot be applied to the whole business environment. This essay will evaluate whether Maslow’s theory is suitable to the current business situation in China in terms of its basic structure, the rationality of the classification and value differences between Chinese and western people. Despite some limits on the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, its basic structure is useful for most of employees in some companies which do not have strong and mature development in China. As long as know the needs of workers and satisfy them, the management can improve the efficiency of the work done by employees. Geren (2010) claimed that

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