Critically Evaluate the Role of Leaders and Managers Contributes to Employee Motivation and Engagement Within Organisations

2101 Words May 18th, 2013 9 Pages
Critically evaluate the role of leaders and managers contributes to employee motivation and engagement within organisations

Introduction
As Anderson says (2010), organizational success not only requires project managers not only handle projects, but also lead employees. Managers and leaders must possess knowledge, skills, tools, and experiences therefore employees will to follow them. For organization, to gain and sustain employees can not only create value and high levels of performance, but also as the only vehicle through which an organizational goals are accomplished. More importantly, the best style of leaderships is more than one style; it depends on followers’ needs. As we know that management engages in the process of integrating
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In this sense, leaders directly influence individual motivation through their behaviour, personality, encourage and discourage. Leaders can also indirectly influence individual motivation through building a favourable work climate.

Management in motivating individuals
According to Hindle (2008) emphasizes Fayol’s management theory includes planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, and controlling. This approach differs from others since from the bottom up. Fayol starts with the most elemental units of activity, worker’s actions, and then to study the effects of their actions on productivity, discover new methods to make employees more efficient, and applied what he learns at lower levels to the hierarchy. Fayol also looked for management principles which could be applied to wider organizations.

In terms of motivation, this paper focuses on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model and Herzberg’s two-factor theory with relevance examples. In terms of Maslow’s theory, employee always wants more. This hierarchy of needs include five in total, which are physiological, safety, love, esteem, and self-actualization. Physiological comes from human nature. Safety likes working safety and security. Love refers to receive and give love. Esteem includes self-respect and esteem of others. Self-actualization needs are about development of person’s full potential. All these five needs display in a…