Criticism of Capitalism: Consumption in Society

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Capitalism, in its advancements, had led to new criticisms made by Max Webber. He had come to the conclusion that capitalism was a “result of the protestant spirit” (126). Webber believed that religion, particularly Catholicism, had a bigger role in capitalism rather than the status of the economy itself. Regardless of the standing power of ruling countries like Spain, capitalism did not evolve due to the Catholic religion. As stated in Capitalism: a Graphic Guide, “being wealthy was never seen as something to be proud of” (127). Although boasting about wealth was against the Catholic Church, it was endured. Protestants believed otherwise. Protestant values, as well as Catholicism, led Weber to consider justification, or rationalization, as a component rising from capitalism. Webber’s ideas mounting from capitalism brought procedural rationality into play. Procedural rationality had to do with having sensibility and regulation in social interactions. This meant that workers and businesses or higher were seen as equals. “In capitalism, profit becomes the goal of commercial organizations, and their employees and customers are considered as means to that effect” (130). It is team effort from both the manager or CEO and its employees to make better profit for the organization. As a result from the efficiency that the organization is advising for their workers, consumer sales can rise. For example, say that a spa is losing sales due to uninformed or untrained employees. If the
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