Criticism on George Orwell's 1984

Decent Essays
Sydney Muscat
Mrs. Kimber
6 May 2013
The Madness of the Last Man
Madness is a label created by society in order to imprison its dreamers. It is often usual to lock up critics of cruel commands, because creative people can be dangerous to totalitarian control. The critical essay “George Orwell and the Mad World: The Anti-Universe of 1984” by Ralph A. Ranald discusses the theme of controlled madness and of a reverse society in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. Ranald argues that Nineteen Eighty-Four is about “…religion reversed, law and government reversed, and above all, language reversed: not simply corrupted, but reversed” (Ranald 251). He refers to Winston as an “antihero” (Ranald 250), and “implies the
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It is the huge role of communication that keeps people like Winston afraid of Big Brother, and furthers the plot of the novel.
Despite the hurt between most relationships throughout Nineteen Eighty-Four, to say that “all human relationships are based on pain” (Ranald 251) in the novel is false. Although I would agree that the O’Brian-Winston interactions would categorize under pain, the Winston-Julia relationship is about desire. Ranald fails to see that not all “human beings communicate… by inflicting pain on each other…” (Ranald 252) Winston’s love for Julia is what kept him alive for so long, for at “the sight of the words I love you the desire to stay alive had welled up in him, and the taking of minor risks suddenly seemed stupid" (Orwell 115).This quote proves that not all relationships are based on pain, only manipulated that way to make people afraid of defying the party. By showing the “… simple undifferentiated desire: that was the force that would tear the Party to pieces" (Orwell 132), stopping the power of Big Brother.
Ranald’s views on Winston’s character are inaccurate and weak because it portrays Winston as an “antihero” (Ranald 250), “passive and not self-aware” (Ranald 253), when actually his character represents
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