Essay about Critique of Two Journal Articles on Motivation

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Critique of Two Journal Articles on Motivation

Expectancy theory is one of the most widely used motivation theory. It is first proposed by Victor Vroom Yale School of Management in 1964. This theory is well supported by many evidence, and believe that the degree how people would act in a certain way depends on the strength of an expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome, and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual.(Robbins et al. 2008) Two research-based articles which used expectancy theory to examine the factors impact target object in different circumstances are compared in this critique article.

These two articles are both scholarly and on the base of research in universities from U.S. And
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Chen Y et al (2006) article explained that research productivity is very important to a academic institution or an individual in faculty. Then authors classified prior studies at the yield into two major streams and pointed out that few studies have been conducted in examining factors impact research productivity based on empirical evidence. Next, after reviewing former literatures related to this subject, authors considered expectancy theory is an appropriate theory to conduct this research. Geiger M et al (1998) article also did similar procedure to former. But according to authors’ review, this article is the only one that examined accounting students’ motivation in cross-cultural context based on empirical application. Meanwhile, Geiger M et al (1998) article introduced theory background more detailed, illustrated two components of expectancy theory, which are valence model and force model. Thus, reader who with litter background knowledge could also understand this study well. Relatively, literature review was concise and only for the purpose of stating the uniqueness of this study.

Both articles have moderate size of samples. Chen Y et al (2006) article received 320 useable responded questionnaires out of 670 business faculty members. Meanwhile, Geiger et al (1998) article had 637 students in data collection. But the latter doesn’t mention the number of response rate. That makes us can only presume that every response is available. Chen Y et al (2006)

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