Critiquing Qualitative Research

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Title of the research report
The article that I am doing a Research Article Critique is titled “Gender-specific Factors influencing Diabetes Self-care Behaviors and Health-Related Quality of Life among Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes in South Korea”. I dissected the title into variables, “Gender Specific” is an independent variable, “Self-care behaviors and Health related” is a dependent variable, “Older Adults” is a descriptive variable, and “South Korea” is an extraneous variable. The title was well written, it was clear and stated properly, with more all variables in context. The population that was used in this study is older adults with type 2 diabetes.

Problem Statement
The problem has been stated clearly in the beginning of the
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The authors of the study created a HIKOD theory, which presents factors affecting quality of life related to healthy. These include barriers, resources, perceptual factors, psychosocial factors and health promotion behaviors.

Review of Literature I believe that this research article was very well put together, meaning that it was very well organized, all the citations where current and used appropriately, and it was in a logic order. The research only cited supporting studies.
Purpose of the study, research questions and hypotheses
The purpose of the study is to determine if gender plays a role in how an older adult with type two diabetes care for themselves. It was hypothesized that six different variables have different effects on older adults with type two diabetes. These variables include demographic and disease related characteristics, barriers to diabetes self-care behaviors, social support, family support, diabetes self-efficiency and depression.

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Demographic and disease related characteristics composed of 17 yes/no questions for assessment of common diabetes related complications. Barriers to diabetes self-management composed of 15 questions on a four point scale of measurement. A higher score means greater perceived barriers to self-care behavior. Social support was measured using the diabetes support scale. It was a 12 question, seven point scale. A higher score indicated a higher level of social support. The Korean version of the diabetes family behavior checklist was used to measure family support. Higher scores indicated higher levels of family support. The diabetes self-efficiency scale is a ten point scale, a higher score meant higher level of confidence in diabetes self-care behaviors. In order to measure the depression level, they used the Korean version of the Centre for Epidemiologic studies depression scale. It was a four point scale consisting of twenty items for measuring the frequency of feeling depressed for the past week. A higher score, showed a higher level of depression. Diabetes self-management behavior was collected using the Korean version of the Summary of the diabetes self-care activities questionnaires. This is a seven point scale consisting of seventeen items. Once again a higher total indicates a higher level of performance. The health related quality of life was measured by the audit of diabetes
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