Cross Sectional Study In Health

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Article 4: The Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Employees in the Kingdom of Bahrain between October 2010 and March 2011: A Cross-Sectional Study from a Workplace Health Campaign.
Background and Purpose In this article, the authors Ameera Ali AL-Nooh, Abdulhussain Abdulabbas Abdulla Alajmi, and David Wood highlight the increasing prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) and factors contributing to CVD among working adults in Bahrain (AL-Nooh, Abdulhussain Abdulabbas Abdulla Alajmi, & David Wood, 2014). The purpose of the study was to examine the risk factors of CVD among governmental employees in Bahrain and raise awareness about the importance of developing appropriate preventative policies and
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This finding was very low since 5 or more fruits and vegetable serving was “considered protective [to avoid] cardiovascular event” (AL-Nooh et al., 2014). Furthermore, the authors also found that there was a statistically significant difference in systolic blood pressure between male and female with “P value < 0.001 and 95% confidence interval 7.2 to 11.2” (AL-Nooh et al., 2014). Another significant finding was high density lipoprotein between males and females with “95% confidence interval at -0.3 to -0.23” (AL-Nooh et al., 2014).
Article 5: More Americans Living Longer With Cardiovascular Disease Will Increase Costs While Lowering Quality of Life
Study Design
The study was a longitudinal, cross-sectional of nine data sets taken from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1973 to 2010. The data from NHANES was then analyzed to sex-specific trends and projections of cardiovascular disease risk factors, treatment uptake, ten-year total risk and prevalence using the Framingham cardiovascular disease risk equation (Pandya, Gaziano, Weinstein & Cutler, 2013). The Framingham risk score is widely used to predict an individual’s ten-year risk of cardiovascular disease based on commonly obtained risk factors compared to a projection that was made for the years from 2015 to 2030.

Purpose
The purpose of this study was to find out if more Americans are living longer with cardiovascular disease will increase costs while lowering their quality of
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