Cuases & Impact of Rural - Urban Migration from District Swabi to Peshawar

14595 Words May 3rd, 2012 59 Pages
abstract

MIGRATION IS THE MOVEMENT OF HUMAN FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER. THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF MIGRATION. ONE IS EXTERNAL MIGRATION AND OTHER IS INTERNAL MIGRATION. MIGRATION OF PEOPLE FROM RURAL AREA TO URBAN AREA IS INTERNAL MIGRATION. AS A RESEARCHER WE HAVE TRIED TO EVALUATE CAUSES AND IMPACT OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION FROM SWABI TO PESHAWAR. THE RESEARCH IS CONDUCTED UNDER THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES: (I) TO KNOW ABOUT VARIOUS SOCIO-ECONOMIC CAUSES OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION. (II) TO HIGHLIGHT POLITICAL REASONS AND (III) TO FIND OUT ITS PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT. FOR DATA COLLECTION 40 RESPONDENTS WERE SELECTED ON RANDOM SAMPLING METHOD. QUESTIONNAIRE WAS USED AS A TOOL OF DATA COLLECTION. THE STUDY SHOWS THAT RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION CAUSED DUE TO
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Table-32: Commercialization. 68
Table-33: Illegal activities. 69

Chapter –1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND:

MIGRATION IS THE CROSSING OF THE BOUNDARY OF A POLITICAL OR ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT FOR A CERTAIN MINIMUM PERIOD OF TIME. IT INCLUDES THE MOVEMENT OF REFUGEES, DISPLACED PERSONS, UPROOTED PEOPLE AS WELL AS ECONOMIC MIGRANTS.(EGLE JACEVICIATE AND EKRIM KURALAY)

In simple words, migration is the movement of people from one place to another. Migration can be permanent, temporary, voluntary or forced. It can be external (to other country) or internal (inside country).

Rural - urban migration is one of the form of migration. It is the movement of people from the country-side to the city. This causes three things to happen. Firstly urban growth increased, towns and cities are expanding, due to which a greater area of land covered. Secondly the process of urbanization starts, through which an increasing proportion of people living in towns and cities. Thirdly city changed in the form of mega city, that with over ten million people.

The process of urbanization has been going on since pre-historic times, at least from the fourth millennium BC and perhaps from even earlier. Although until relatively recently the number of people living in urban areas increased slowly and formed only a small percentage of the total population from earliest times urban life brought profound social and economic changes to the areas where it was prevalent.