Cuba Essay

Decent Essays
According to the U.S. Census Bureau (2010), the population of Miami- Dade County, Florida is 2,496,435.In 2010 the total number of Hispanic or Latino residing in Miami-Dade County is 1,623,859, which makes 65 percent of the total population (U.S. Census Bureau 2010). Cubans’ makes up for 34 percent of the total population, totaled to 856,007 (U.S. Census Bureau 2010). Miami is a majority Latino city -- 70 percent of its population is Hispanic. And while Cuban-Americans still comprise over half of the city's population -- 54 percent -- the city's Hispanic composition is changing.
The origin of Cuba started, when Christopher Columbus arrived in the island in 1492. In 1511 Cuba was colonized by the Spanish. Before the Spanish, the
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Deplorable conditions in the islands sugar plantations caused many slave rebellions in this period of Cuba history. In 1868, Cuban landowners also began to resist the status quo, launching the first Cuban War of Independence. Many great Cuban national heroes rose to prominence during this period of Cuba history: Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, Maximo Gomez, Antonio Maceo, and Jose Marti. Memorials to these figures from history on Cuba are commonplace.
The Ten Years War against Spain ended in 1878 with the Pact of Zanjon, which granted concessions to the Cuban rebels. Nevertheless, Marti and other revolutionaries continued their resistance to the Spanish authorities, some of them from exile in the United States.
In April 1895, Maceo, Marti, and Gomez landed in Cuba to begin the second War of Independence. In 1898, with the rebels largely in control of the island, the United States used the explosion of the USS Maine in the Havana harbor to begin hostilities against Spain, starting the Spanish-American War.
In December 1898, Spain ceded control of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Cuba to the United States. The next sixty years of history on Cuba featured a strong U.S. presence. The U.S. Navy established the base at Guantanamo Bay, American tourists flocked to the casinos, hotels, and brothels of Havana, and U.S. interference in internal Cuban politics was the norm.
In the 1950s, Cuba was ruled by an unpopular military dictatorship led by Fulgencio
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