Cultural Constraints in Management by G. Hofstede

904 WordsFeb 24, 20184 Pages
A Critical Review of Hofstede, G. 1993, "Cultural Constraints in Management Theories", The Executive, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 81-94. There have been many research and studies on the national cultures and its consequences on management theories by numerous researchers. Of those many, ‘Cultural constraints on management theories,’ by Hofstede (1993) is one that has been talked about by most scholars. He strongly claimed that management is a function of culture and that culture influences the way managers behave. In explaining this relationship he used a model where differences in national cultures were categorised into five dimensions. One such practical application he did on the model was the comparison of the United States (US) culture with rest of the world to explain the exact relationship between culture and management. This paper will firstly give a synopsis of Hofstede (1980, 1993) article. Secondly, his work on five dimensional cultural framework model is critiqued. Specifically, this paper critiques that Hofstede; limited culture to only four dimensions; limited the sample size to only a one multinational corporation (IBM); methodically flawed the fifth dimension; and emphasised on only cultural differences and not commonalities. The paper concludes that though Hofstede made a good research and studies on the relationship between culture and management theories, there is still need for further research and development in this area to establish a constructive and reliable
Open Document