Cultural Differences in Joint Ventures Essays

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ESSAY TOPIC (1) :A joint venture is affected by the cultural distance between two partners. In what ways are joint ventures and types of international collaboration affected by cultural differences?

INDEX

INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………2

What is culture?…………………………………………………………………2-3

The Cultural Orientation Model……………………………………………….4

The cultural Gap…………………………………………………………………5-6

Understanding Cultural Differences………………………………………….6

The Challenge of Cultural Success…………………………………………..7

Cross-cultural training as a solution…………………………………………8

The effectiveness of the cross cultural training programs………………8-9

Future Directions for Cross-Cultural Training and International Business
Assignments……………………………………………………………………..10.
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He states that it can be discussed "in terms of typical ways in which people in a society, group or organization behave, communicate, think or perceive reality."3 Each culture has differing value and belief systems, which effect how people perceive reality and their following reactions to it.

A useful analogy to describe how culture impacts on the interpersonal level is that of computer software. Geert Hofstede has defined culture as the "software of the mind."4 Hofstede compares culture to a computer program, in that individuals learn and acquire patterns of thinking, feeling and acting over time that influence their actions and perceptions. He believes that culture is "mental software,"5 in that it predisposes individuals for certain inputs which are processed in a familiar way for a certain set of outputs, or actions. Hofstede states, however, that "a person's behavior is only partially predetermined by his or her mental programs: (s)he has a basic ability to deviate from them, and to react in ways which are new, creative, destructive, or unexpected."6 The 'mental program' is not absolute. It can change over time to react to new inputs and stimulus. If this were not the case, mutual understanding in intercultural communication would not be possible7 .
Not only does intercultural training enable communication in the procedural sense, it also "gives
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