Native Americans were the first people to live in America before any other man came. It is believed that the Native Americans came from Asia way back during the Ice Age through a land bridge of the Bering Strait. When the Europeans first set foot on America, there were about 10 million Native Americans living in America, North of Mexico (“American”). Native Americans had all separated and made their own tribes. Some of the many Native American tribes that still exist are those of the Iroquoian tribes, consisting of five, now six,
Now, out of the 318.9 million population of the U.S, only 1.7% of that is made up of Native Americans. In the 2003 census, there was recorded to be 562 different tribes, yet barely anyone knows much about
(U.S. Census Bureau, 2010); whereas it defines Native Americans as American Indian or Alaskan Native las “A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.” (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010). The former, appears to be privileged in regards to economic status as opposed to the latter which appears to be the most affected by poverty. Furthermore, the race-based policies are still in place: ignoring the necessities of the Indian Country by limiting economic and social development, (Peralta, 2014. Regan, 2014.), the lack of enforcement of ‘The Protection of Indian Sacred Sites’ (Departments of Defense, the Interior, Agriculture, and Energy and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, 2015) and continuing of mass incarceration based on race (Alexander, 2010), just to mention some of them. The intention of this brief explanation has a main and a secondary purpose. Mainly it aims to introduce a categorical difference between the State and the peoples self-defined as Native Americans; which raises the question is the Native American a race or an ethnicity? Secondly, to state that “Race and racism do not simply or necessarily follow from the mere propinquity and interaction of two peoples who happen to be physically different […] but the social recognition of such differences as socially significant or
There is a Mexican man that enters with the rest of his family. They eat beans, rice, flour tortillas and etc. The family does there every day routine, the dad wakes up at six- thirty to go to work in his truck. The children go to school and the mother stays at home. The things a person does in their all has a reason which goes all back to culture. Culture is what makes up everyone different from one another. Texts such as “What is Cultural Identity?”, “Where Worlds Collide” and “Two ways to Belong” supports that depending on one’s culture it effects one perspective on the world and others.
The American Indian is a very unique and integral part of Amreican history,with a very rich and beautiful cultural background.There are over 558 federally recognized tribes in America right now,and another 126 who have applied for federal recognition.At the time of first contact with Europeans, the United states was fully occupied by Indian Nations and some 300 Indian languages existed,approximately 106 of which are still spoken.The diversity and hetrogeneity of the American Indian community cannot be overstated.
Before European explorers found their way to the Americas the countries were populated by indigenous people native to the landscapes. Each indigenous tribe had their own traditions, language and hierarchy. It is difficult to discern the exact population numbers of indigenous people before their exposure to Europeans in 1492; however, scholars estimate their numbers at roughly 37 million. By 1650, their population had dwindled to an estimated 9 million individuals, a decrease of 90%. In North America there are currently 562 federally recognized tribes. Joe “Indian Joe” Lightfoot Gonzales, also known as Narisco Allalha, is a descendent of one of the remaining Native American tribes, the Choctaw.
The Native Americans are one of the best known indigenous groups left. The native Americans consist of 562 known tribes, about 229 of these are located in Alaska; the rest are located in 33 other states. The Comanche People:
The reservations system is quite a complex matter and understanding the consistency and membership of the reservations can be hard, depending on the particular issue being handled. It is worth noting however that all the Indians born in the USA are citizens and are subject to federal and tribal laws though not generally to the state laws. The federal law limits their self-governance hence they do not retain the all powers. They are endowed with the power to control the land use and ownership, execute their legal system (though under the supervision of the federal government particularly on criminal issues) as well as raise the local taxes. According to American Indians' Cultural Network (2000), the federal reservations are about 300 in number and most are in the West with 20 state reservations mainly in the East.
Afflicting America from century to century is the ultimate question of who does or does not hold a legitimate right to say he or she is an American Indian. Who decides identity? The white man? The Indian? Or how about the United States government? Identity of millions of individuals over time, scattered throughout the United States must be determined to some degree so that self-determination can be exercised by the indigenous people, now and in the future.
When Christopher Columbus landed in America he thought he landed in the East Indies, but it was the West Indies instead. There were millions of indigenous people when he reached the New World in 1942. He named the indigenous people Indian’s. According to Lehnardt (2015), there are 566 federally recognized Native American tribes. The largest tribal groups in the U.S are the Sioux, Navajo, Chippewa, Choctaw, Cherokee, and Iroquois. In today’s society, we see many Native American cultures being used in various ways. However, there are also many ways that the Native American culture can be used in a positive or a negative manner. Native American’s are clearly misunderstood, especially their culture and
Before analyzing the American Indian Movement, there needs to be a distinction between American Indian and Native American. There are many American Indian who have a preference on whether to be called Native American or Indian American. In a 1995 Census Bureau survey, indigenous Americans asked what their preferences for names were and the results were that (49 percent preferred the term Indian, 37 percent Native American, and 3.6 percent "some other name." About five percent expressed no preference. (hkb) For example, Russell Means, an American Indian Movement founder and leader, described in his essay “I am an American Indian, not Native American!” that “It is a generic government term used to describe all the indigenous prisoners of the
Many people don’t know where Native Americans come from. Native Americans (also known as Indigenous peoples of the Americas) all over America is socially diverse groups who traveled across a long-gone bridge of land from Asia to North America at least 13,000 years ago. Native American go by so many different names like: "American Indian," "Native American," "First Nations," and "indigenous people." Depending on where you are in determining what phrase you use. Most people identify themselves by their tribe (such as Lumbee).
American Indian are not unifying. There are more than five hundred Native American tribes in thirty-three states the most famous tribes are the Navajo, Cherokee, Sioux, Apache and so on.