Cultural Perceptions of Intelligence in Japanese and American Indian Societies

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The field of psychology has continuously endeavored to find an appropriate method in evaluating intelligence. The Stanford-Binet intelligence test is one of pioneering tests created to measure facets of intelligence, and it is still being utilized today (Anastasi & Urbina, 1997). Weschler created several intelligence tests focusing on age range in relation to intelligence (Anastasi & Urbina, 1997). While these tests are staples in the psychological testing community, there are many criticisms of intelligence testing. One such criticism is the absence of race and culture as influential factors of intelligence (Carroll, 2010). The definition of intelligence can be personalized to one’s culture. While some studies look to examine…show more content…
This shows a cultural sense of being intelligent when it comes to math in particular which fits in with the stereotype mentioned earlier. Another perception within the culture is that rate of intelligence is not gender specific (Furnham & Fukumoto, 2008). The study predicted Japanese parents ranking their sons higher than their daughters with intelligence tasks (Furnham & Fukumoto, 2008). This turned out to be false with mothers giving preference to their sons and fathers giving preference to their daughters (Furnham & Fukumoto, 2008). This speaks of the mother/son and father/daughter bond in the Japanese culture, and also speaks to the family dynamic which could influence intelligence in children. It is interesting to note that Western society families preferred the same gender (i.e. father rated son higher, mother rated daughter higher) (Furnham & Fukumoto, 2008). The study found this result interesting and attributed it to the potentially elevated level of education for the sample populous (Furnham & Fukumoto, 2008). Thus, this perception needs to be assessed more in-depth before it can be generalized towards the Japanese culture. The last perception garnered from this study relates to the humility of the Japanese culture. Between American, British, and Japanese participants in self-estimation of intelligence studies, Japanese participants rated themselves the lowest of the three

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