Cultural Relativism And Moral Relativism

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Introduction Cultural relativism is a certain perspective, which was adopted by the anthropologists in the course of the early years of 1900’s. Cultural relativism basically states that every culture is equal to any other culture and all cultures are legitimate expressions of the human spirit. In accordance to the specifications of cultural relativism, people are expected to attempt to gain an understanding of the other culture by basically viewing them through their individual “cultural lens”. In that regard, it requires that people aim at getting the emic perspective of other cultures in order to be in the position of gaining insight about the historical background of the cultures that they are studying. Therefore, people are not expected to ethnocentrically impose their own beliefs, as well as, opinions that are actually the products of their own enculturation. However, it has to be understood that cultural relativism is a crucial stance while learning about the other culture but it should not be considered to be similar to moral relativism. Within this paper, I will take a critical review of an aspect of my individual culture through the etic (outsider’s) lens so as to be in the position of gaining an outsider’s perspective, then review an aspect of some other culture from the emic (insider’s) perspective so as to get relatively familiar with the various motivation behind a certain practice. Particularly, I am going to review the non-veiling of American Muslim women
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