Cultural Relativity: the Root Cause of Conflict in Nigeria

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Nigeria is a multicultural nation with over 250 ethnic groups. Human beings are product of culture. Culture has made people what they are. Culture is the totality of experience of people in a given environment. Culture is complex whole of the people- this complex whole includes the beliefs, habits, modes and attitude of people. Culture is the result of interaction of people in a particular environment and the interpretation of their experiences. This is epitomized in the classical ethnic groups in Nigeria Ibo, Hausa, and Yoruba. Their environments and their experiences in them markedly made them different set of people. No wonder Marquet viewed culture as “the totality of
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Religion is the centrifugal configuration of Nigerian cultures. Religion is the matrix of Nigerian culture, which cut across institutions, systems and people. If one should better understand the issue involved in religion and culture in general, it will go along way to stem the tide of ignorance, conflict, homelessness, fanaticism, disequilibrium and lack of sustainable development. Crisis in Nigeria has taken hundreds of lives of different people in different era. The pain, anguish, fear, psychological trauma, and economic instability it has caused the families, communities, states and the nation is innumerable. Some of those who survived those violent periods spend the rest of their life in perpetual suffering due to the aftermath of such violent act. The story is not far fetched, the April, 2011 election has the story to tell. Some States experience serious violent act in the course of the election. But the most pertinent one is that of Northern States, whereby human and material resources were destroyed. Some of the future hopes (corps) of this nation were terminated. Although, the families of the victims were compensated, nevertheless, the hopes, aspirations and talents of those corps have been lost forever.
Knowing fully well the harm this unholy act is causing the nation, something must be done about. Since the history of each people has differed, the value system of each people will automatically differ. As such, we need to

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