Cultural heritage in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

1115 WordsJul 15, 20185 Pages
The pearl of the Indian Ocean Sri Lanka, reflects a long history of its nations. From the archeological evidence of the prehistoric settlements and prehistoric human Balangoda man (Deraniyagala, 1998) to modern food of kottu like pizza to American; make the broad diversity of culture in Sir Lanka. By analyzing cultural heritage definition in Sinhala language, the definition given in the legislations in 1940, and its relationship with Athens charter and 1954 UNESCO convention, I will demonstrate the cultural heritage vision imbedded in the society through legal definition. Also, I will offer criticisms and recommendations for an improved approach to the definition of cultural heritage in Sri Lanka in broader context. According to the…show more content…
Both movable and immovable property referred in 1940 Ceylon Antiquities convention, shows similarities to categories in UNESCO convention, architecture, buildings, art, books, works of art, archeological sites which are also named as movable and immovable property. While 1940 Ceylon antiquities ordinance referring all of the antiquities of it belong to the crown as an absolute property, the 1954 UNESCO convention uses the similar term as a “cultural property”. However, 1940 Antiquities Ordinance shows unique significance through nominating trees as an ancient monuments. 4 What vision of cultural heritage is your country recommending to its citizens. The vision imbedded on Sri Lankans (citizens in Ceylon) through this definition was that the British authority had the autonomy about the antiquities or heritage in Sri Lanka and its materialistic perspective of Sri Lanka heritage. One of the evidence for this vision is the Ordinance’s hand over of the ownership to the Britain by naming antiquities as an absolute property of the crown. Furthermore, by using the term “property” to the antiquity, it apparently states the ownership and the connection with the market value. Therefore, this definition promotes the materialistic value on heritage base on the British authority needs. Further, by devaluing the belief system of natives by making the

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