Culture And Personality Theory, And Dynamic Social Impact Theory

1965 WordsMar 31, 20168 Pages
In this unit, we have discussed many theories and theorists in an attempt to discover how culture works. Do all of the people within a culture think, act, and behave the same? Do people change over the course of their lifetime? Does culture change, or does it remain the same forever? This essay will look at three theories in order to answer these questions: culture and personality theory, basic/modal personality theory, and dynamic social impact theory. Culture and Personality Theory One theory that was discussed in class was the theory of Culture and Personality. There are many problematic assumptions within this theory. The first is the cultural homogeneity assumption. Within this assumption, there is this tendency to assume that all members of a particular group must think, act, and behave in the same way. Not only does this ignore any and all variation within a group, but also it has not been tested. The second assumption is that of continuity. This assumes that the personality of someone stays fixed throughout his or her lifetime; in other words, the person never changes. It assumes that regardless of life experiences, behaviors and personalities do not change over time. For example, if a child is introverted at the age of three, they will still be introverted when they reach their thirties. This theory is often assumed, but almost never tested. The third assumption is of timelessness, which ignores cultural change. Researchers tend to focus on how cultures are
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