Culture Shock Essay examples

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Culture Shock

1 Definition of Culture

Culture as the most complex terms has countless different definitions ranging from complicated phrases to the simple statement describing culture as "the way we do things around here". The widely used definition of culture is that of Meads (1951), "A body of learned behaviour, a collection of beliefs, habits and traditions, shared by a group of people and successively learned by people who enter the society"(Joynt and Warner, 1996, P. 33). Hofstede(1980) created the very illustrative definition of culture as "the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another". Again to Hofstede's
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With the rapid process of globalization, the individual's ability to adapt to new cultures is one of the most important elements of a successful assignment. Hence, anyone working on an international assignment has to be knowledge about the cultural aspects of the environment they are moving to.

2 Definition of Culture Shock

Nowadays there are many definitions for culture shock. The term Culture Shock was first mentioned in literature by Kalvero Oberg in 1960. In his article he defined Culture Shock as follows' the distress experienced by the sojourner as a result of losing all the familiar signs and symbols of social interaction' (Selmar, 1999, P.517). And these signs or cues include the thousand and one ways in which people orient themselves to the situations of daily life. Oberg mentioned at least six aspects of culture shock:

(1) Strain due to the effort required to make necessary psychological adjustments.

(2) A sense of loss and feelings of deprivation in regard to friends, status, profession and possessions.

(3) Being rejected by and/or rejecting members of the new culture.

(4) Confusion in role, role expectations, values, feelings and self-identity.

(5) Surprise, anxiety, even disgust and indignation after becoming aware of cultural differences.

(6) Feelings of

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