Culture and Information - Sir Francis Bacon Essay examples

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Culture and Information - Sir Francis Bacon

Sir Francis Bacon was the grand architect of a perspective on reality so revolutionary that the human mind has yet to break its mold. Although he was neither an accomplished scientist nor a prodigious mathematician, Bacon is accredited with the creation of the philosophy of science and the scientific method, and he so effectively reapplied the notion of inductive reasoning that he is often considered its father. Bacon was the first to embark on the pursuit to translate nature into information, and believed that held to "the torch of analysis" nature would reveal her secrets. Bacon was on the precipice of a new era in thought that has blossomed into technologies he could never have imagined.
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Discoveries in quantum mechanics this century have revealed that woven into the Universe at its most fundamental level is randomness. Despite all of the attempts of science to render the contingent aspects of the Universe less arbitrary, there are certain principles (such as the Heisenburg uncertainty principle) that cannot be penetrated by reason.

The idols of the cave are "distorting prisms" that might cause "the idiosyncrasies of individual belief and passion" to effect one's objectivity, while the idols of the theater cause an "unquestioning acceptance of philosophical beliefs and misleading demonstrations" (Wilson 29). For Bacon may not have been obsessed with empiricism to the extent that many modern scientists are today, but he definitively believed in subjecting nature to rigorous experimentation before drawing conclusions, and he strongly believed observation to be sovereign over intuition in the pursuit of a fixed rule. Wilson said the following of Bacon's process of thought:
By reflecting on all possible methods of investigation available to his imagination, he concluded that the best among them is induction, which is gathering large numbers of facts and the detection of patterns. In order to obtain maximum objectivity, we must entertain only a minimum of preconceptions.

Inductive reasoning, as applied by Bacon, is basically to make a statement of

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