Culture and Leadership

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A critical review of Edgar H Schein: 1996 “Culture: The missing concept in organization studies” Administrative Science Quarterly, 41, 229 – 240. Introduction: According to Edgar H Schein, if Organizational studies is to evolve fully, it should give importance to the study and understanding of culture in an organization. He is also emphasizing that, in order to understand culture, it has to be observed in an organizational setting rather than measuring it by using data. Although most of the Psychologists and Sociologists studied the various concepts of organization but did not focus on the seriousness of ‘culture’, as Schein (1996) reiterates that the failure to take culture seriously is because of the method of inquiry which put…show more content…
Culture: A Driving force in organizations It is interesting to understand while organizations attempt to implement new ideas within them, it is discovered the critical role that culture and subcultures play in implementing them. According to Huczynski et al, 2007, the factors affecting company performance are many and varied; isolating the contribution of culture is difficult if not possible and it is in the interests of both management consultants and managers to maintain that “cultures makes a difference”. Thompson P & McHugh D (2002), are of the view that strong cultures not only exist but are also the reason for better or even excellent company performance. For any organization to be successful and productive it should understand and follow the culture that not only the individual units should learn on behalf of the organization but the organization itself should learn. With more dynamic environment today, it is important for an organization studies to highlight the culture that the superiors and sub-ordinates should work towards organizational goals irrespective of the respective boundaries as Schein (1996) says, organization should learn, how to collaborate, more trusting, open in communications, more importantly how to wield personal Vs positional power without losing the commitment of sub-ordinates.
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