Culture of Gandhara Civilization

3679 WordsFeb 18, 201215 Pages
Culture of Gandhara Civilization Gandhara is the region that now comprise of Peshawar valley, Mardan, Swat, Dir, Malakand, and Bajuaur agencies in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Taxila in the Punjab, and up to Jalalabad in Afghanistan. It is in this region that the Gandhara civilization emerged and became the cradle of Buddhism. It was from here that Buddhism spread towards east as far away as Japan and Korea. The intriguing record of Gandhara civilization, discovered in the 20th century, are found in the archeological sites spread over Taxila, Swat and other parts of NWFP. The rock carving and the petro glyphs along the ancient Silk Road (Karakoram Highway) also provide fascinating record of the history of Gandhara. Taxila…show more content…
The Kharosthi script died out about the 4th century. The Hindko and the archaic dardic and kohistani dialects, derived from the local indo-aryan prakrits, are still spoken today, though the afghan pashto language is the most dominant language of the region today. Religion Followed in Gandhara Hinduism was supposed to be the predominant religion before the Persian rule as Gandhara had played an important role in the epic of mahabharata. During the 2nd century B.C., It was here that Buddhism was adopted as the state religion which flourished and prevailed here for over 1000 years, starting from 2nd century B.C., until 10th century A.D. The Greeks also came within their religious influence in the indo-greek period. After the Muslim invasion in 10th and 11th century, Islam prevailed in the region which is still the dominant religion since the last thousand years. History of Gandhara: Rulers, their Regimes and Developments Prehistoric Period: Evidence of stone age human inhabitants of Gandhara, including stone tools and burnt bones, was discovered at Sanghao near Mardan in area caves. The artifacts are approximately 15,000 years old. More recent excavations point to 30,000 years before present. Gandhara was first mentioned in the rig-veda, as Texila remained the strong hold of the Aryans, whose great epic book Mahabharata was for the first time recited here. Gandhara had played an important
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