A hysterectomy is a surgery that involves the removal of all or part of the uterus. Many times, the fallopian tubes and one or both ovaries are removed at the same time as the uterus. When the
To reduce the risk of ovarian or breast cancer some choose to have a procedure done known as an oophorectomy. This is a removal of your ovaries on each side of your uterus that contain eggs and secrete the hormones that control your reproductive cycle. This greatly reduces the amount of hormones estrogen and progesterone circulating in your body which is the hormones breast and ovarian cancers need to grow. Though a generally safe procedure with small risk complications
When it comes to the treatment methods of ovarian cancer there are several procedures used. Ovarian cancer has a low cure rate and so therefore there is no known treatment that could potentially and completely get rid of the cancer (Hayat, M. A., 2010). In some cases, treatment methods such as chemotherapy and surgery do completely get rid of the cancer if they are detected early; but because this type of cancer can be challenging to detect, it is usually found at an advanced stage and therefore could have potentially started metastasis. The underlying treatment procedure is surgery. This method is the surgical removal of the uterus, also known as a hysterectomy. This also incorporates the removal of both the fallopian tubes and ovaries. Chemotherapy is another method used for treatment and is generally offered or suggested as well because, in most cases, this type of cancer is found at a too late of stage (Torpy,
The female reproductive system is remarkable in its ability for women to function and live relatively normal lives after surgical procedures. If a gynecologist has determined that the condition is life threatening or is not in the best interest of the patient, then surgical removal of a reproductive organ may be an appropriate course of treatment. A total hysterectomy is the complete removal of both, the uterus and the cervix. The uterus is a muscular organ that houses the fetus during pregnancy. The cervix is the opening to the uterus, and connects to the vagina. After a hysterectomy the menses or menstruation will cease and the woman will no longer be able to have children. A salpingectomy is the removal of the fallopian uterine tube or tubes.
Oophorectomy is a surgical operation where the ovaries are removed. The removal of these sex organs has been known for nearly a century in the treatment of breast cancer. Removal of the ovaries causes a significant reduction in the production and circulation of estrogen and progesterone, which are female sex hormones. It has been documented as a beneficial procedure, because there are some breast cancers that require these hormones to grow. Thus, reducing the hormones may lead to a halting or slowing in the progression of the hormone-dependent breast cancers.
A hysterectomy can be a life-saving procedure for women who are having serious reproductive health issues. Dr. John Macey, MD performs this procedure and many others as part of his practice. If you live in Kentucky, Alabama, or the mid-central Tennessee area near Nashville, Dr. Macey encourages you to call his office for all of your OB/GYN needs. After a thorough examination, he’ll discuss any possible health issues you may have and offer effective treatment options to help overcome them.
The more popular and developing method of treatment is egg freezing. During this procedure they take an embryo and freeze it for a month before they place it in a uterus to be later fertilized (Maher). This method was first used for cancer patients. Cancer treatments, like chemotherapy, can damage the ovaries and make it almost impossible for chemo patients to reproduce. Doctors do this procedure by taking an ovary, from the patient before they start their cancer treatments, and slicing it into strips before they freeze it (Though Experimental, Ovarian Tissue Transplants Can Help Some Women Have Children)(see figure 1).
Also at times if needed the tissues will also be removed.When the uterus is removed only its called partial hysterectomy and total hysterectomy is when a woman’s uterus and cervix is removed.There are a few different kinds of hysterectomies.The open surgery hysterectomy is when the surgeon make a 5-7inch incision either they do it up and down or side to side across the stomach of the patient.The uterus is being removed during this procedure.Vaginal hysterectomy is when the vagina is being cut and also removing the uterus through an incision.At this time the incision is closed and no scar us left
At 48 years old, my uterus was showing fibroids the size of a five-month-old fetus. My mother had had a partial hysterectomy when she was 42 years old, so I had some limited memory of how this impacted her. This came at a time when I had been laid off from my job, with only a few days of insurance left. At the time I was in the process of graduating from a Florida Herbalist program and was learning the power of medicinal plants in the region. So, with that, I had a strong desire to see if I could heal myself and not remove a major part of my reproductive
A tubal ligation is a permeant birth control procedure which closes the fallopian tubes; a laparoscopy or laparotomy can be performed, or a tubal implantation can be used. It blocks sperm from traveling up the fallopian tubes and interferes with the movement of the egg to the uterus. Because the procedure doesn’t effect her ability to ovulate, the procedure doesn’t cause menopause; she will continue having periods. Menopause is a decline in reproductive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, which eventually leads to an end in fertility. Although menopause is a natural process women can become menopausal after a hysterectomy or chemotherapy. If I were her doctor, I would speak to the patient and her spouse about another form of permeant birth
For a routine OVH, a midline coeliotomy is commonly used to enter the abdomen. A midline skin incision is made halfway between the umbilicus and pubis to expose the subcutaneous layer which is then dissected using Mayo scissors. Once the muscle layer is exposed, the linea alba is located and the abdominal cavity is entered using a stab incision with the scalpel blade. The uterus is located near the bladder and colon and the ovary is located and exposed by tracking it up the uterine horn while applying caudal traction. The ovary is retracted from the abdomen and if further pedicle exposure is required, the suspensory ligament is strummed with an index finger as close to its craniodorsal attachment as possible to to loosen the ovary and allow it to be further exteriorised.(CITE FRANSSON) A window is made in the broad ligament caudal to the mesovarium, and the ovarian pedicle is clamped with three haemostatic forceps. The ovarian pedicle now has to be ligated before transection. The ovarian pedicle can be ligated by various methods, some as simple as a single encircling ligature, to
As of now, there are three options put forth to these women: “adoption or gestational surrogacy. Uterus transplantation (hereafter ‘UTx’) creates a third option: to conceive and gestate a pregnancy, thereby fulfilling what some women describe as a desire not just for ‘my own child’ but for ‘my own pregnancy’.”(Catsanos, Ruby, Wendy Rogers, and Mianna Lotz.) While adoption and surrogacy are both very viable options, uterus transplantation has become quite popular, even though the likelihood of actually conceiving and birthing a child has been seemingly impossible until now. The procedure to remove a uterus is called a hysterectomy. To prove just how popular these have become, an estimated total of 9 million woman of age to reproduce have had a hysterectomy, around 5,000 every year in the United States alone.