Currency War Between China and Usa and Its Global Impacts on Economy

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Currency war between China and USA and its global impacts on economy.

Currency War:

Currency war, also known as competitive devaluation, is a condition in international affairs where countries compete against each other to achieve a relatively low exchange rate for their own currency. As the price to buy a particular currency falls so too does the real price of exports from the country. Imports become more expensive too, so domestic industry, and thus employment, receives a boost in demand both at home and abroad. However, the price increase in imports can harm citizens' purchasing power. The policy can also trigger retaliatory action by other countries which in turn can lead to a general decline in international trade, harming
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It will occur when the money supply is increased faster than the growth of real output.

• Note: the link between printing money and causing inflation is not straightforward. The money supply does not just depend on the amount the government prints.

• Large National Debt. To finance large national debts, governments often print money and this can cause inflation.
Economic Outlook

If a country's economy is in a slow growth or recessionary phase, the value of their currency depreciates. The value of a country's currency also depreciates if its major economic indicators like retail sales and Gross Domestic Product, or GDP, are declining. A high and/or rising unemployment rate can also depreciate currency value because it indicates an economic slowdown. If a country's economy is in a strong growth period, the value of their currency appreciates.

Trade Deficit

A trade deficit occurs when the value of goods a country imports is more than the value of goods it exports. When the trade deficit of a country increases, the value of the domestic currency depreciates against the value of the currency of its trading partners.

The demand for imports should fall as imports become more expensive. However, some imports are essential for production or cannot be made in the country and have an inelastic demand—we end up spending more on these when the exchange rate falls in value. This can cause the balance of payments to worsen in the short run (a
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