Cyber Attack And Cyber Attacks

958 WordsAug 28, 20154 Pages
While cyberspace has emerged as a contested domain of increasing operational dependence and corresponding vulnerability to cyber attacks (JOAC, i), extrapolation to an era of cyberwar is unjustified as cyber attacks alone do not constitute an act of war and cyberspace should not be considered in isolation in regard to war. Increasing dependence on cyberspace for U.S. civilian and military systems and networks, combined with the ability for remote access to attack without overt exposure of the attacker’s identity or organization, make cyber attacks an attractive means against a stronger opponent. However, an act of war has to be political, instrumental, and potentially lethal (Rid, 6). While cyber attacks may be indeed politically motivated, cyberspace as an instrument is wielded only as a means that by itself does not yield the end of accepting the attacker’s will (Rid, 7, 10). In addition, the lethality would be indirect, and potentially only accidental, vs. a directly intentioned lethality (or threat of lethality) from a weapon system. Cyber attacks do not constitute acts of war, and cannot be defined as ‘cyberwar’. Cyberspace is an essential component of the Joint Operational Access Concept (JOAC) central thesis of cross-domain synergy and considered for antiaccess and area-denial (JOAC, foreward, i). Discussions of war should be in context of all the domains and the affected synergy between them, and not in isolation (Gartzke, 42). Attack on one domain such as

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