Essay on Cyber Attacks

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On April 27, 2007 cyber-attacks began crippling key infrastructures of banks, ministries, and newspapers. These attacks took place, in part, because of a statue. This statue is not just a two-meter tall man holding a helmet; this individual represents and symbolizes the lives lost in the Second World War. The statue has been under a lot of speculation and has torn the population of the country in half. Some believe the status is a symbol of Soviet, formerly Nazi, while some see this statue as symbol of Soviet victory over the Nazis and Russian claims Estonia. When the government decided to relocate the statue to Estonia’s capital, the worst riots the country has ever seen took place and this started vicious cyber-attacks (Jenik). One may …show more content…
These attacks did not target one organization either, as the attacks focused on parliaments, banks, ministries, newspapers, and broadcasters.
The next characteristic of cyber war is anonymity. With the Estonia case nobody was sure who did the attacking and who to blame. At first Estonian Foreign Minister Urmas Paet accused Kremlin of the attacks but then retracted this statement because of lack of evidence. NATO nor European Commission experts were able to find any involvement of the Russian government in these attacks. These attacks were determined to be one of the “zombie” computers used in the attack. The only person ever arrested for the attacks was an ethnic Russian “hacketivist” living in Estonia (Denial-of-Service).
Fast -15 minutes to breakdown a society is another factor of cyber war. In such a short amount of time the infrastructure of Estonia went down. The internet played a crucial part of their country because of how people use the internet to pay for street parking and banking transactions. By shutting down these key components of their country society is broken down and halted. International web traffic was also blocked to assist in stopping these attacks.
By looking at the characteristics of cyber war from our lecture slides we can see that since all these components satisfy the definition, we can view the Estonia case as a cyber-war. The broader definition is that the use of computers
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