Cystic Fibrosis : A Disease That Causes Problems Within The Lungs And Digestive Systems Essay

2901 WordsAug 19, 201412 Pages
Cystic Fibrosis Introduction to Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a disease that causes problems within the lungs and digestive systems (pancreas, livers, and intestines). It occurs due to the abnormal transport of chloride and sodium across an epithelium, leading to excessive secretion of thick mucus in these two major areas of the body. This makes breathing difficult as the thick, sticky mucus clogs the airway, and it can also result in sinus infections, poor growth, infertility, and reduced life expectancy. However, these can sometimes be treated with antibiotics and other medication, like medicated inhalers.’ It is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder and is caused by one of many different mutations in the gene for the protein cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)’ . Because CF is a genetic disorder it is able to be inherited therefore can undergo human manipulations such as Selective Breeding and Gene Therapy. Introduction to Gene Manipulation Genetic manipulation refers to any method used to manipulate genetic material. Genetic transfer is when genes are transferred from one organism to another, and human manipulation of genetic transfer is where humans manipulate genetic material through genetic transfer to benefit organisms. E.g. Preventing diseases being genetically inherited, improving quality of plants, and selecting preferred alleles. However, these can all come with disadvantages and there will be biological implications with each

More about Cystic Fibrosis : A Disease That Causes Problems Within The Lungs And Digestive Systems Essay

Open Document