DBQ: The American Revolution

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The American Revolution was the consequence of British dominance over the colonies. The French and Indian War ended the British policy of laissez faire on colonies, causing the British to sanction taxes in order to strengthen the empire and pay off its debt. Taxation without representation exemplified by the Stamp Act, Sugar Act, and Townshend Acts angered the colonists, who believed they were being unfairly punished. Additionally, events such as the Boston Massacre and Boston Tea Party elevated British resentment and hostilities. The shared desire for independence united the colonists in fighting against the British, and encouraged them in shaping their own societies, causing political, economic, and social change. Politically, land rights…show more content…
However, much to the displeasure of the Indians, the Native Americans were not invited to the treaty. In a speech at the Confederate Council of 1786, the speaker orates the Indians’ disappointment in not being included in the treaty. The concerns and wishes of the general Indian council were ignored when inclusion may have promoted friendship and compromise between the United States and Indian tribes (Document D). The Northwest Indian War reflected conflict between the Indians and colonists as the colonists expanded westward onto Native American territory. The Indians’ defeat in the Battle of Fallen Timbers was negotiated in the Treaty of Greenville, which forced Indian tribes to cede the northwest territory to the colonists. Those who settled into the Northwest Territory could apply for statehood once a certain quota was reached. Additionally, according to Article 6 of the Northwest Land Ordinance of 1787, slavery and involuntary servitude was illegal (Document E). However, the attraction of the Northwest Land Ordinance of 1787 was that it provided a precedence for westward expansion amongst the…show more content…
For example, according to Molly Wallace’s valedictory address, due to a woman’s natural timidity, they are confined to domestic situations. However, Wallace argues that a person’s gender does not define the means in which they are able to deliver a speech (Document G). Her use of rhetorical questioning conveys her argument that women should be given opportunities in the public sphere, a radical idea at the time, which shows traditional gender norms being challenged during 1792. Another example of a concept being challenged is slavery. In the Pennsylvania Packet, the author describes slavery as a British-made concept, warning Americans to despise the institution that the British instilled in a land for freemen (Document A). At the time, slavery was gradually becoming abolished in the North while Southern states maintained the institution. However, this document reveals the challenge in beliefs that occurred in 1779. The views expressed in Molly Wallace’s speech and the Pennsylvania Packet connects to the Enlightenment because in both cases, reason was used to progress societal values. In the Enlightenment Age, traditional Christian beliefs were challenged to promote intellectual thought. This is exemplified in Wallace’s speech in which she uses reason to explain why women deserve a part in the public sphere. This is also the case in the Pennsylvania

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