After September 11, 2001, the Department of Homeland of Security was formed in response to the terrorist attacks. Out of the birth of the agencies formed, the National Incident Management System (NIMS) was created to allow clear allocation of resources and a systematic approach to emergency management. The system
Police departments need to develop contingency plans and backup systems to ensure that they can continue to operate and protect the community during the post-disaster recovery period. Furthermore, the police role in terrorism and disasters recovery is secondary; Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Red Cross, other charitable organizations, insurance companies, private businesses, state and local governments, and individuals have a primary responsibility for community and economic recovery. Moreover, Police were required to support the all-hazards homeland security mission with additional and enhanced equipment and training. Also, as a guide to homeland security, the police adopted a dual process, which they should have everyday uses and emergency uses; and regional cooperation should guide purchasing of the most expensive and specialized equipment. Department of Homeland Security raised new training requirements; established a Target Capabilities list that identifies what emergency responders and other will need to do in various types of disasters; and funded the development and delivery of homeland security related training for police and others, in addition to setting up a training portal. Continual training needs are planning for terrorism,
Intelligence and Warning is Border and Transportation Security is responsible for protecting America's borders, territorial waters, and transportation systems by centralizing information-sharing and databases that track and monitor all aspects of border control and America's transportation systems. Domestic Counterterrorism covers a wide variety of activities, ranging from National Security Agency monitoring of telephone conversations to local police monitoring of persons of interest. Protecting Critical Infrastructure and Key Assets identifies a clear set of national goals and objectives and outlines the guiding principles that will underpin our efforts to secure the infrastructures and assets vital to our national security, governance, public health and safety, economy, and public confidence. Defending against Catastrophic Threats reduces vulnerability of the United States to terrorism. Emergency Preparedness and Response will create one emergency response plan to be used at all levels of government and will ensure that first-responders, from the federal government level down to local levels, receive proper training and equipment.
8). Therefore, although the attacks of 9/11 generated alterations in our national defense strategies, it additionally adjusted law enforcement policies immensely (Brooks, B. E., 2010, p. 113). It is now more common to have squads of police officers, such as SWAT teams, with specialized training in preventing future terrorist attacks. With exceptions to some officers at the local level, many of these specially trained teams are made up of state and national law enforcement. There are several local law enforcement agencies throughout America that do participate in anti-terrorism training, but on a larger scale many of these local departments lack the necessary training needed to prevent such threats. Therefore, local police departments, who lack special training, depend on the departments that are qualified to aid them. Likewise, the training these lower level law enforcement officers obtain varies greatly than that of state and national law enforcement. Despite the quantity of officers in local law enforcement departments, it is essential that each individual officer undergoes the preparations that are essential to be well equipped for reacting to a threat of terrorism. These preparations are crucial in that local law enforcement officers are often the first responders to these attacks, therefore they should be familiar
American Policing agencies have significantly changed since September 11, 2001, in a new age of international terrorism. American police departments agencies at all levels are now required to train for an increased amount of time and resources for possible terrorist attacks and to gathering the intelligence necessary to keep with the ongoing threats. Several police agencies have dedicating resources officers prepared for terrorist attacks and who gather information to head off possible risks. Local police often have to prevent, plan, and respond to medical, evacuations and security events which they did not have to in the past. Policing is commonly used to secure community event and increase patrols in worship places and other landmarks that
The efficient integration of Title 10 and National Guard forces during domestic operations increases the threshold of a state’s capacity to respond to disasters or security requirements. Pre-event preparation is required to achieve efficient integration. This preparation requires three critical elements, building relationships, integrated planning and exercises. To successfully incorporate federal forces during a response, states must develop positive relationships with key Title 10 partners during steady-state operations. Building upon these relationships, state and federal partners conduct deliberate planning for the integration of Title 10 forces in a state response. Finally, exercises validate plans and grow relationships. This paper describes
The Quadrennial Homeland Security review suggest six strategic challenges that will drive the overall risk to the nation over the next five years. These six risks include: the terrorist threat; growing cyber threats; biological concerns; nuclear terrorism; transnational criminal organizations; and natural hazards (DHS, 2014). The terrorists threat is, arguably,
Introduction DHS's primary tasks are to foster the sharing of foreign and domestic intelligence information between federal, state, and local intelligence and law enforcement agencies and improve border security. This has important implications in terms of personal privacy.
As Director of Homeland Security my function is to pull together, evaluate, preserve and circulate data that will support local, state and federal law enforcement agencies, administration agencies, and private sector to identify, avert, thwarting while preparing for the response and recovery from hazards and threats of terrorist circumstances, as pursuant to O.R.C § 5502.03 (The Library of Congress, 2007). I’ve include information which I believe will help assist each department head present to better understand homeland security function and responsibility to ensure the security of our city. Also include is the legal basis for
Terrorist attacks generally take place on a larger scale given the political and ideological reasoning behind the attack. In most cases, state and federal law enforcement agencies take the lead on the investigation and response. However, with most attacks requiring detailed and thorough planning on all levels, local law enforcements agencies are essential to thwarting any potential acts of terror before they occur. The inclusion of these smaller agencies increases the level of preparedness and responsiveness to any potential threat while at the same time, benefiting both smaller and larger agencies.
The defense, security, and safety American citizens enjoy each and every day is a result of dedicated professionals committed to Homeland Security and Homeland Defense. These broad initiatives require well-defined missions, organized and focused tasking, and finally, clearly understood duties, responsibilities, and operations. Organizations
Immediate following the 9/11 attacks, rigorous security procedures were put in place at airports, government buildings, cultural center, and many other facilities. The FBI instructed state and local law enforcement to be on their highest level of alert and be prepared to response to any acts of terrorism. This caused surveillance to be used more than ever before.
DS3’s will provide professional security services at affordable prices. Our aim is to provide religious organizations, outreach programs, and businesses the ability to conduct their security requirements in an economical manner that will not negatively impact their operations budget (Finch, 2010).
The ability of the Department of Homeland Security to effectively manage risk is vital to national security. Risk in general, is something that is permanent but because this is known, strategies can be used to mitigate situations as they present themselves. Government managers must manage risk in a complex environment taking into consideration the diverse missions and multiple objectives of public agencies (Hardy, 2014). The role of risk management within the homeland security enterprise was managed by best and worst case scenario planning. This is something that is inevitable as we are faced within a definite variety of threats. One way to grade or rank threats is through worst-case analysis. As this analysis can be used for worst-case scenarios the federal government cannot leave out lower ranking situations (Roberts, 2007). Since the Department of Homeland Security is charged with managing risk within the enterprise, a basic equation is used to help figure out different variables and how they would be affected.
Strategic Challenges for Local Communities The Department of Homeland Security released the 2014 Quadrennial Homeland Security Review on June 18, 2014 as required by the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and its amendments. This review outlined the current state of preparedness, as well as the future areas of concentration. It also determined six strategic challenges facing the nation: terrorist threat; growing cyber threats; biological concerns as a whole; nuclear terrorism; transnational criminal organizations; and natural hazards. The basic building block of emergency management in the U.S. is the local community. Each step begins here. Threat assessments are completed on the local level. Planning, mitigation, and response are all responsibilities of the local community to support the state and Federal practice using the guidance provided by both.