Dam Building : The Magnificent Engineering Edifices Left On The Landscape

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The human problems appear as monumental as the magnificent engineering edifices left on the landscape; but, without consideration of the human factor, great dams simply make great ruins (Dupree 1980, Carta 2015).

With the development of technologies and resources that help an economy’s growth, dam-building has been a primary focus in many countries around the world. Dams create reservoirs, whose water in turn is used for agricultural irrigation, within the industrial sector, and also as human consumption. In addition, dams are used to create hydroelectric power. With all these positive economic effects, one can argue that dams are necessary for a nation; however , dam-building has many impacts on the environment, on surrounding populations, and on their respective economies. Furthermore, the dams in these areas have been the subject or cause of many wars fought over water resources.
Dam-building, even if aiding in a nation’s economic growth, has adverse repercussions on the environment, including loss of biodiversity, population displacement, and leakage of water from the reservoir (Al-Homoud et al., 1995). With the development of economies around the world, in the 20th Century many countries have adopted the construction of dams to push the growth even higher. However, some countries were not recommended to start this new source of energy for different reasons. One of the main examples is Afghanistan. This country wasn’t ready for such a drastic change for three main

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