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Dance Movement Therapy

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The following will cover a review of literature in regards to dance movement therapy [DMT] and geriatric, eating, and autism spectrum disorders [ASD]. Each section will include literature of past research studies with included an evaluation of study designs and results, as well as what should be included and expanded upon in future conducted research.
DMT and Geriatric Disorders
The following literature studies the effects of dance movement therapy [DMT] on the elderly population’s cognitive performance; specifically examining Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. The aspects of cognitive function examined were selective attention, concentration, memory, intelligence, learning, language, perception, executive function, and spatial and visuospatial
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The participants were randomly assigned into the partnered and non-partnered groups. It was a between-subjects design with a pre- and post-test evaluations conducted by certified experts who sustained a double-blind paradigm for test assessments. In addition, a subjective exit questionnaire and a qualitative videotape analysis were completed. Both increased enjoyment and enhancement of mood was reported by the partnered Argentine tango group, which shows that Argentine tango dancing was even more beneficial when done with a partner and supports the significance of social interaction. This study shows that along with enhancing mood, dance in its multifaceted forms holistically assists in cultivating a positive social climate.
Moreover, an additional study reported similar enhancement in mood and enjoyment following a 12-month community-based Argentine tango dance intervention program (Foster et al., 2013). All of the participants explained a willingness to participate in future dance programs. This was a single blind randomly controlled trial with 52 participants above 60 years old. A subjective standardized measure known as the Activity Card Sort was used. The findings from this study supported and increased the validity of Hackney and
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It was a randomly controlled trial with a between subjects design, and used a pre- and post-test administration conducted by trained raters who maintained a double-blind paradigm for test assessments. The results showed significant improvements in spatial cognition and executive functions in with Parkinson's disease who participated in the intervention program. These factors were measured using two standardized quantitative tests, The Brooks Spatial Task for spatial cognition and MoCA [Montreal Cognitive Assessment] for executive function. This study exhibited that the dance style, tango, has positive effects on both spatial cognition and executive functions in the elderly and specifically in those with Parkinson's
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