Dark Energy Essay

698 Words 3 Pages
Dark energy what is it? Dark energy is a unknown energy said to take up 70 percent of the universe. The energy is a repulsive gravitational effect that is causing the universe to accelerate out-ward. No one knows exactly what dark energy is or where it comes from.
Dark Energy is a new idea. Little is known about dark energy, yet it takes up a huge amount if the universe.
Scientist were able to show the universe was expanding at an accelerated rate by measuring the red-shift of an object by comparing the spectral lines of the elements and the spectral lines of the same elements measured in a lab. The more distant the objects that emit light the brighter the spectral lines. In 1998 scientist observed that the supernovas are
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Scientist studied the cosmic microwave background and a large-scale structure, and they were able to conclude that the energy that keeps space flat is dark energy.
Scientists are still trying to learn more about this mysterious energy. They conduct red-shift surveys of the galaxy clusters; a galaxy cluster is consisted of thousands of galaxies, dark matter, and hot gases, bound together by gravity.
When scientist conduct a red-shift survey, the electrons from the hot gases scatter off the protons and produce X-rays, which weaken with a higher red-shift. Once and a while the electrons give some energy to a photon of the cosmic microwave background, which makes the black body spectrum to shift causing distortion, called the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect. Comparing the X-rays to the Sunyaev-Zeldfovich effect help scientist observe the faintest red-shift in clusters.
Various types of dark energy have been thought to be found, one is a cosmic field associated with inflation, a low-energy field called quintessence, and the cosmological constant in its present living form does not balance gravity in order to keep a static universe, it has a negative pressure that cause the universe to accelerate.
There are three views of the universe, the first is the universe has a positive curvature; the second is it has a negative curvature, and the third and most reasonable is that the universe is flat. If the…