Data And Information On Health Information Management

939 Words Sep 28th, 2015 4 Pages
The terms data and information are often used interchangeably, however, with health information management, there are differences. Health information begins with data which are items, observations or raw facts.
Data, when collected, does not necessarily have to be understood by the person gathering it. It is simply a collection of facts (Davis & Lacour, 2014, p. 33).
In order to understand the various data that is collected it must be organized. The goal in doing this is to provide information. Data refers to the units of observation while information is data that has been organized, making it useful (Davis & Lacour, 2014, p. 34).
When a patient is hospitalized, if his/her temperature is taken and simply listed in a vertical line that information is useless to anyone who looks at the list. There is nothing that explains what the numbers represent, let alone help a provider with patient care. When organized with dates and times, along with the appropriate notation of Fahrenheit or Celsius, the data becomes information and important in the provider’s treatment of the patient.
Health data is not only used by medical providers. It is also used by facility administrators, lawyers, payers, and government agencies. Facility administrators use data to plan strategically regarding what types of services they will offer. Lawyers use health data to show the type and extent of injuries suffered by their clients. Payers, like Medicare, Medicaid and other insurances,…
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