Biometrics technology aims at utilizing major and distinctive characteristics such as behavioral or biological, for the sake of positively indentifying people. With the help of a combination of hardware and specific identifying sets of rules, a basic human attribute, automated biometric recognition mimics to distinguish and categorize other people as individual and unique. But the challenges surrounding biometrics are great as well.
The thing with biometrics is that it works great only if the verifier can verify two things: Firstly, that the biometric to be used has come from the intended person at the time of verification, and Secondly, which the biometric should match with the master biometric entry in the file database. If the system can't do that, it can't work. Biometrics are good in uniquely identifying the people, butat the same time they are not secrets and cannot be trusted .
Biometrics are important to not only information systems, but to information security as a subject. Today, most information is kept secure via ID cards or secret information, such as a PIN, password, pattern, etc., the downside to this type of security is the lack of a failsafe (Ashok, Shivashankar and Mudiraj)! What would happen if an ID card was lost? Or a PIN, password or pattern was leaked to individuals who were not on a “need to know” basis”? This is where the importance of biometrics comes into play.
Anonymous authentication at some point was good but it declined in the recent years. The last known published research on anonymous authentication for biometrics is dated back in 2008. Anonymous authentication can be considered as a good approach on the cloud. With a new mind set and tools available, new innovative framework can be created.
In order to protect users of computer systems and to secure network-based transactions, demand is increasing for improved user authentication procedures to establish the identity of an actual user and to bar access to a terminal to anyone who is unauthorized. Personal identification using biometrics, i.e., a person’s physical or behavioral characteristics has come to attract increased attention as a possible solution to this issue and one that might offer reliable systems at a reasonable cost. While traditionally this technology has been available only with such expensive, high-end systems as those used in law enforcement and other government applications, today many personal–level applications have also become
We live in a world today, in which technology moves at a very rapid pace. Many of these technological advances can be used to make our everyday lives easier and safer. One of these new technologies is Biometrics. Biometrics is the process of measuring a person’s physical properties. This would include measuring things like fingerprints, retinas, odor, vein structure on the back of the hand and many other things. Biometrics is a very important topic because it would create better security precautions for certain places that need to be secure. Biometrics will make our society safer by only allowing authorized people out of secure facilities and by keeping the unauthorized people out. Throughout the rest of this
Biometric devices offer great benefits when it comes to medicine and security. The use of biometric devices in medicine, has allowed medical personnel prevent illnesses or stop ongoing ones. Many business, corporations, and even the government use biometric device to secure sensitive information from unauthorized people. Government uses biometrics to identify known criminals and protect citizens from criminals. The advantage of biometric devices are great, but just like all technology, biometric have their disadvantages. Many people feel their privacy is being violated when agency measure part of their bodies. This is raises the questions of ethics.
Biometric technologies have existed for quite some time. Recently, there has been a large increase in the demand for more secure ways of confirming an individual’s identity. Resulting from this, several tests were created, which allow for a user to test another individual’s personal characteristics and behaviors, comparing them with the original. This allows for testing “who an individual is”, versus what they know or carry. Biometric is defined as “automated recognition of individuals based on their biological and behavioral characteristics" (biometrics institute). This is also a more reliable source of verification because the user cannot simply lose their human characteristics. They also cannot be faked or stole. Technology in these fields
Biometrics is the use of physiological characteristics such as iris or retinal scan, fingerprint, or voice that is unique to a particular person (Sewell & Thede, 2013, p. 363). The use of biometrics is one of the most secure ways of authentication. They "rely on physical or behavioral characteristics to allow for effective identification" (Lambardo, 2015) The usage of biometrics has now been around for approximately 30 years. Healthcare agencies use biometrics to clock in to work, access patient’s medications, access a facilities electronic health record, and more. Biometrics have recently started to be used at blood banks to ensure patient identification before a blood transfusion happens. Voice biometrics is more commonly used in the banking
Biometrics recognition is a process that uniquely identifies people on the bases of natural characteristics either physical or behavioral. Human identification by Gait biometric is a method to identify people by their walking manner or style of moving on foot. Gait recognition is based on the behavioral characteristics of human that can uniquely differentiate one human from another. Gait has offered ability for recognition of human at distance or at less resolution. People can be monitored by gait recognition technology of biometrics without the active direct cooperation of human. Threats detection in high secure environments such as military installations, airports, parliament houses and even banks need to be very quick and different user
However, more recently, the benefits of using biometrics to improve security, convenience, and inclusion in society—more efficiently and at reduced cost—are being widely recognized. Today, biometric solutions are being used by the general public in areas such as: • Border control and immigration (ePassports, border control gates, residence, visa or asylum permits) • Civil ID (identity cards, health insurance, social benefits schemes, voting rights) • Banking (Automated Teller Machines, private banking services, mobile banking) • Shopping (customer personalization, VIP/loyalty enablement, segmentation) • Policing and security (investigations, custody, watchlisting, surveillance) • Travel and transportation (automation, frequent flyer recognition) (Accenture,
However, identification systems are more often deployed in large-scale environments, anywhere from tens of thousands to tens of millions of users. In these applications, biometric identification is not replacing passwords or PINs – it is pro- viding new types of fraud-reducing functionality.
One of the most important ways that biometric technology is impacting security lies within the confines of computer information systems. The government, the military, and large corporations need to have complete assurance that the data and information stored on their networks and databases are only available to users who have been authorized to view such material.
Biometric technologies are getting better and finely tuned. The rate of false readings and errors has sharply fallen. However it still requires careful consideration and planning to implement a biometric identification system. They are most costly and complicated to implement as compared with other authentication systems. A proper evaluation of the system is important before purchasing any biometric system. A thorough risk analysis is necessary. In many cases biometrics may be overkill. Biometrics must be used if there is high level of risk involved. Customer acceptance is also important when logging on to company websites. Home users might not be ready to install biometrics on home computers for online banking.
In recent years there have been heightened concerns about security due to the advancements of networking, communications, and mobility. This has led to the increase in biometrics in different applications for authentication and identification. The applications can be divided into 3 main groups Forensics, Government and Commercial (Jain, Flynn & Ross, 2008).